Light a fire without matches and lighters, use only chemistry!
name: Ignition paper with acetone in contact with the igniting mixture sulfuric acid and potassium permanganate
Be careful with concentrated sulfuric acid - use safety goggles, a protective gown and gloves. Keep a safe distance.There is a fire risk - a fire extinguisher should be ready.
Always follow general safety
recommendations. Please note that conducting chemistry
experiments you must comply with the relevant legal procedures in
Potassium permanganate is a very effective oxidizer, however its dehydrated form - Mn2O7 - is a more strong oxidizer. This oxide is formed by the reaction between potassium permanganate and concentrated sulfuric acid. Manganese (VII) oxide is green:
2KMnO4 + 2H2SO4 → 2KHSO4 + Mn2O7 + H2O
This powerful oxidant may react violently with various reducing agents such as sugar (glucose), cellulose and others. Paper (cellulose) has the chemical formula (C6H10O5)n. But you see below the oxidation reaction of glucose and not cellulose. This is done to make stoichiometric ratios simpler:
5C6H12O6 + 12Mn2O7 + 24H2SO4 → 30CO2 + 24MnSO4 + 54H2O
Also, manganese oxide (VII) may react with acetone oxide, which is a reducing agent:
5C3H6O + 8Mn2O7 + 16H2SO4 → 15CO2 + 16MnSO4 + 31H2O
These reaction is exothermic, i.e. the mixture is heated in the reaction. Therefore, in addition to the oxidation of acetone by manganese oxide (VII), acetone ignites when heated:
C3H6O + 4O2 → 3CO2 + 3H2O