Salse volcano

When an orange-yellow volcano ignites it produces a dark dense liquid.

Scientific name: Oxalic acid is oxidized by dichromate ions.

YouTube

Удивительный опыт - Реакция бихромата аммония

by Vit105

Safety

Wear eye protection goggles and gloves.

Always follow general safety recommendations. Please note that conducting chemistry experiments you must comply with the relevant legal procedures in your country.

Reaction formula

(NH4)Cr2O7 + 7H2C2O4 → 6CO2 + 3H2O + 2NH4(Cr(C2O4)2(H2O)2)

Step-by-step instruction

  1. Prepare 6 g of oxalic acid (H2C2O4*2H2O) and 4 g of ammonium bichromate ((NH4)2Cr2O7.
  2. Grind the substances separately in a mortar.
  3. Mix the components together and pour them on a fire-proof plate to form a volcano.
  4. Ignite it with a burning splint.
  5. When you touch the mixture with the splint a bubbling dark drop appears.
  6. In a short time the whole volcano turns into a dark puddle.

Scientific background

This experiment is based on the oxidation reaction between oxalic acid and dichromate ions. As the result water, carbon dioxide and ammonium dioxalato diaquo chromium (III) complex are produced. The reaction is accompanied with the evolution of heat. The initial orange-yellow mixture turns to a viscous bubbling liquid. The bubbles are formed by liberating carbon dioxide. Dark green (almost black) color of “mud” is caused by the formation of trivalent chromium.

Danger:
Coolness:
Difficulty:

Published on 09 September 2015

  • Fire
  • Heating with fire
  • Explosion
  • Poisoned gas
  • Organic
  • Electricity
  • Solution
  • Oxidation reduction
  • Color change
  • Precipitate
  • Gassing
  • Catalyst